If evolutionary success is analogous with reproductive success, why do men not live longer than women?
Men can generally reproduce up until the day they die. Women on the other hand, are able to reproduce only up until menopause, which happens roughly two thirds of the way through life. Thus, wouldn't it follow that longer lived men would have had more offspring than their shorter lived brethren? Conversely, women that had genes permitting them to live well past menopause would have no real evolutionary advantage over those that did not.
I have a few ideas about factors that could help explain this, but I want to see what others will say.